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Industrial Disputes Act 1947 PDF Bare Act & Notes

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The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 extended to the whole of India and regulated Indian labour law so far as that concerns trade unions as well as Individual workman employed in any industry within the territory of Indian mainland. Enacted on 11th March 1947 and It came into force 1 April 1947. It was replaced by the Industrial Relations Code, 2020.

The objective of the Industrial Disputes Act 1947

An act to make provision for the investigation and settlement of industrial disputes, and for certain other purposes. The objective of the Industrial Disputes Act is to secure industrial peace and harmony by providing mechanism and procedure for the investigation and settlement of industrial disputes by conciliation, arbitration and adjudication which is provided under the statute. The main and ultimate objective of this act is “Maintenance of Peaceful work culture in the Industry in India” which is clearly provided under the Statement of Objects & Reasons of the statute.

The laws apply only to the organised sector. Chapter V talks about the most important and often in the news topic of ‘Strikes and Lockouts’. It talks about the Regulation of strikes and lockouts and the proper procedure which is to be followed to make it a Legal instrument of ‘Economic Coercion’ either by the Employer or by the Workmen. Chapter V-B, introduced by an amendment in 1976, requires firms employing 300 or more workers to obtain government permission for layoffs, retrenchments and closures. A further amendment in 1982 (which took effect in 1984) expanded its ambit by reducing the threshold to 100 workers.

The Act also lays down:

  1. The provision for payment of compensation to the workman on account of closure or lay off or retrenchment.
  2. The procedure for prior permission of appropriate Government for laying off or retrenching the workers or closing down industrial establishments
  3. Unfair labour practices on part of an employer or a trade union or workers.

Download the ID Act 1947 Bare Act PDF

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Browse all Section-wise Notes of Industrial Disputes Act 1947

Section 1

Section 2

Section 2A

Section 3

Section 4

Section 5

Section 6

Section 7

Section 7A

Section 7B

Section 7C

Section 7D

Section 8

Section 9

Section 9A

Section 9B

Section 9C

Section 10

Section 10A

Section 11

Section 11A

Section 12

Section 13

Section 14

Section 15

Section 16

Section 17

Section 17A

Section 17B

Section 18

Section 19

Section 20

Section 21

Section 22

Section 23

Section 24

Section 25

Section 25A

Section 25B

Section 25C

Section 25D

Section 25E

Section 25F

Section 25FF

Section 25FFA

Section 25FFF

Section 25G

Section 25H

Section 25I

Section 25J

Section 25K

Section 25L

Section 25M

Section 25N

Section 25O

Section 25P

Section 25Q

Section 25R

Section 25S

Section 25T

Section 25U

Section 26

Section 27

Section 28

Section 29

Section 30

Section 30A

Section 31

Section 32

Section 33

Section 33A

Section 33B

Section 33C

Section 34

Section 35

Section 36

Section 36A

Section 36B

Section 37

Section 38

Section 39

Section 40

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