Devastating Failure Of A Nation, The Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

Must Read

Farm Laws To Be on Hold for 1.5 Yrs, Government Is Scared and Is Looking for Ways To Save Its Skin: BS Brar

The farmers who attended the 10th round of negotiations told that the centre was ready to put the three controversial farm laws into the freeze for the next one and a half years and will be communicating this to the Supreme Court through an affidavit. The farmer unions who sought the repeal of these farm laws said they would consider this proposition and also added that the government was unnerved by their plans of a big tractor rally on Republic Day.

Bhupinder Singh Mann Quits From the Farm Committee Constituted by the Supreme Court

Bhupinder Singh Mann, one of the members nominated to the Farms Law Committee formed by the Supreme Court for negotiating with the farmers, has quit from the panel saying that he cannot compromise the interest of the Punjab and Farmers of the country and for this, he is ready to sacrifice any position.

Maharashtra To Write To Other States To Club Their Reservation Cases With the Maratha Quota Petition

After seeking intervention by the Centre in the ongoing hearing in the present case regarding the Maratha Reservation in the Supreme Court, the Maharashtra Government is pondering upon the idea of approaching other states to club all the petitions regarding reservations for a collective decision.

MoHFW Says Mask Is Not Necessary While Travelling Alone in a Private Vehicle

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) of the Government of India informed the Delhi High Court that it has not issued any guidelines with regards to the compulsion of wearing masks even while travelling alone in a vehicle.

What are the Recent Developments in Iran-Venezuela Relations?

Two of the world's biggest oil exporters are reestablishing bonhomie. Iran and Venezuela are again the topics of discussion in global geopolitics. Iran has recently supplied arms and military soldiers to Venezuela early this year; it had also supplied gasoline to Venezuela.

Targeting the Supreme Court Judges

A letter was written by Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister to the Chief Justice of India on October 6 targeting one...

Follow us

Yemen is facing the world’s most massive humanitarian crisis. With more than 24 million people (roughly 80% of the population) is in need of humanitarian relief. These include more than 12 million children. The nation is becoming a living nightmare for the children of the region. The conflict had intensified in March 2015. 

 The Beginning of War


The dispute has its origins in the collapse of a democratic transition. The transition was to give prosperity to Yemen. This was after an Arab Spring uprising. The uprising compelled its oppressive president, Saleh, in 2011 to hand over control to his deputy, Hadi. As president, Mr Hadi failed to tackle many issues involving terrorist attacks. A separatist movement started in the South, and persistent allegiance of security forces to Saleh happened. Also corruption, unemployment and food shortages. 

The Houthi movement supported the Muslim minority Zaidi Shia of Yemen. It also battled a sequence of uprisings against Saleh. This was during the past decade. It also took full advantage of the vulnerability of the new president. This happened by assuming charge of their northern heartland of the region of Saada and neighbouring regions. It was disaffected with the change, several common Yemenis-including Sunnis-joined the Houthis. 


The rebels ended up taking over all the capital Sanaa in late 2014 and early 2015. Loyal to Saleh, who supported his old allies in an attempt to hold onto power, the Houthis and security officials then tried to take control over the entire nation. This prompted Mr Hadi in March 2015 to flee abroad. They were alarmed by the emergence of a militia that they suspected was further supported by local Shia power Iran, Saudi Arabia and eight other, Sunni Arab nations. They launched an airstrike to end the Houthis. 

This  was  to ensure the end of Iranian involvement in Yemen and restore Mr Hadi ‘s government. The alliance got help from the US, UK and France for logistics and competence. Saudis, at the beginning of the conflict, estimated that it would last a few weeks. However, then that followed four years of military stalemate. Alliance ground forces arrived in the southern port city of Aden in August 2015. 

Moreover, in the following months helped push the Houthis and their allied forces out of most of the South. Mr Hadi’s government had set up a new shelter in Aden. Nevertheless, it is struggling to provide essential support and maintenance. The president remains in Saudi Arabia. The Houthis were not removed from Sanaa and north-western Yemen in the meantime. 

They managed to sustain a capture of Taiz ‘s third city. They also conducted frequent ballistic missile and drone strikes on Saudi Arabia. Al-Qaeda militant groups in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the local affiliate of the opposing Islamic State group (IS) preyed on this situation by capturing region in the South. 


They also carried out brutal attacks, particularly in Aden. In Aug 2019, Saudi-backed troops and a southern separatist group sponsored by the UAE, the Southern Transitional Council, were waging internal strife in the South. Loyalist forces to the STC blamed Mr Hadi of incompetence and ties to Islamic fundamentalists. They took control of Aden. 


They refused to allow the cabinet to come back until that November. Saudi Arabia negotiated a power-sharing deal. The UN expected the deal could lead the road for a diplomatic resolution to end the conflict. However, a dramatic outbreak of violence between both the Houthis and coalition-led powers occurred in January 2020. This was with clashes on many fronts, missile and airstrikes.

The Human Cost

 In brief, Yemen is witnessing the worst humanitarian catastrophe. Thousands of more civilians have been thereby killed from treatable diseases. These include malnutrition, mild disease and ill health. Save the Children-approximated that from April 2015 to October 2018, 85,000 children with severe undernutrition have died. Approximately 80 per cent of the population-24 million people-need compassionate care and support. 

As per the UN, some 20 million people need help to secure food. Ten million of them are said to be “one step away from famine.” An estimated 2 million children are further considered malnourished. With 360,000 children under the age of five struggling to survive. With only half of the nation’s 3,500 healthcare facilities working fully. 

 Twenty million people lack appropriate access to healthcare. Yet 18 million lack clean drinking water or access to decent sanitation. Doctors have thus been attempting to cope with the most massive cholera epidemic ever recorded. It has resulted in more than 2.2 million suspected cases and 3,895 associated deaths since October 2016. More than 3.65 million faced homelessness due to the war.  

The Importance of Yemen

All that which is happening in Yemen will make regional conflicts even worse. It also concerns the West as it becomes unbalanced. Because of the risk of attacks-like from al-Qaeda or IS, affiliates-that emanate from the country. The dispute is often considered  an aspect of a battle between Shia-ruled Iran and Sunni-ruled Saudi Arabia over regional superpower. 

Gulf Arab nations – President Hadi’s backers – have accused Iran of monetarily and operationally strengthening the Houthis. Though Iran has rejected that. Yemen is also economically important. Because it rests on a strait that links the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden. Much of the world’s oil consignments go through this strait.

 Law on Humanitarian Aid

 Geneva Convention

Article 14 of the Additional Protocol (AP) II to the Geneva Conventions restricts the use of starvation as a tactic. It cannot be then used as a military tactic by the parties involved. It also describes the specificity of items which are indispensable to human life. These include water systems, war crimes and crimes against humanity. 

 Security Council

The humanitarian crisis due to food shortage and fatal diseases was devastating. UNSC Resolution 2417 (2018) has prompted the world community. To check and hold people accountable for this humanitarian crisis is further needed. The law states that the persons held for infringing any human rights or international humanitarian law need to be then held accountable for their misdeeds. 

 Additional Protocol II

Humanitarian law requires everyone to deal with the ones responsible or accountable for Crimes. Yemen and the alliance headed by the Saud are participants to Geneva Conventions. The GCs and AP II common Article 3 will apply to non-international armed conflicts. The Houthis meet all the conditions laid down in Article 1 of AP II, and they are then subjected to the Treaty rules. 

 Additional Protocol I

AP I rules and customary humanitarian rules also extend to all parties of armed conflict. International humanitarian law and human rights law both restrict illegal detention. They also specify that deprivation of freedom of the people cannot take place. Furthermore, customary international law, the typical Article 3 of the GCsArticle 4 of the AP II and the law on human rights also need prisoners to be then treated with the utmost respect. 

Abuse and violence against prisoners is not permissible. Parties to the dispute are responsible for overseeing them on charges of infringement of those laws. The team of experts has blamed the UAE, the Houthis, and the government of Yemen of breaching these laws. However, the Yemen and UAE governments did not investigate these cases. 


With COVID-19 spreading nationwide, Yemen faces an immediate crisis. Hygiene and safe drinking water are in shortage. Less than half of the medical services work. Even those that stay operational lack necessary things such as masks and gloves. Oxygen, as well as other essential items, are not there for treating the coronavirus. Many health care workers do not receive wages or rewards. Throughout the dispute, murder and mutilation of children took place. 

About 2 million children under the age of 5 face acute malnutrition and need medical attention. Hospitals and schools have been destroyed and closed. This hindered access to education and health care. This situation is making kids helpless and depriving them of their existence. Two million kids were already out of school before COVID-19. Already schools across the world have shut due to the apparent disease outbreak, leaving about 5 million kids out of school. is now on Telegram. Follow us for regular legal updates and judgements from the court. Follow us on Google News, InstagramLinkedInFacebook & Twitter. You can also subscribe for our Weekly Email Updates. You can also contribute stories like this and help us spread awareness for a better society. Submit Your Post Now.



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Latest News

“Anganwadi Centers to Be Reopened Outside the Containment Zones, Which Is to Be Decided by the State”: Supreme Court

This case concerns the reopening of the Anganwadi Centers after they had been closed due to the lockdown being imposed.  Brief facts of the case This...

“Credit Facilities Being Granted by the Primary Agricultural Credit Society to the Non-Members Is No Longer Illegal”: Supreme Court

This Case concerns the dispute relating to the grant of tax exemption under Section 80P of the Income Tax Act, 1961.  Brief facts of the...

Back Wages of Labourers is a Question of Facts Depending Upon Various Factors: Gujarat High Court

The petition has been filed by workmen and employer against an award dated 23.04.2009 passed by the Labour Court, Bhuj in the case of...

WhatsApp Messages Would Have No Evidentiary Value Until They Are Certified According to Section 65b of the Indian Evidence Act: Punjab & Haryana High...

Brief facts of the case Paramjit Kaur, the proprietor of Brioshine Pharma, a licensed chemist, booked two consignments. The first consignment, on 10.06.2020 and the,...

Delhi High Court Seeks Response From Centre, RBI in PIL to Regulate Online Lending Platforms

A notice had been issued by the Delhi HC in a PIL that sought regulation of online lending platforms (Dharanidhar Karimojji vs UOI). Brief Facts: The...

“Consensual Affair” Cannot Be Defence Against the Charge of Kidnapping of the Minor, Sentence Reduced in View of Age Difference: Supreme Court

This Case concerns the appeal against the conviction under the charges of kidnapping and discussed whether the punishment was to be enhanced or not.   Brief...

Delhi HC to Municipal Corp: Paucity of Funds Not an Excuse for Non-Payment of Salaries and Pensions

The Delhi High Court ruled that the paucity of funds cannot be an excuse and pulled up municipal corporations for not paying salaries and pensions to their employees as the right to receive payment is a fundamental right guaranteed in our constitution.

US Supreme Court Reinstates Restriction on Abortion Pills

The Supreme Court of the United States granted the Trump administration’s request to reinstate federal rules requiring women to make in-person visits to hospitals...

Supreme Court Upheld “Environmental Rule of Law” in NGT Decision to Demolish Illegal Hotel on Forest Land

This case concerns the dispute relating to the additional construction of hotel-cum-restaurant structure in the Bus Stand Complex along with a bus stand and...

UK Supreme Court Rules in Favour of Policyholders in the COVID-19 Business Interruption Case

The United Kingdom’s Supreme Court finally concluded the long-awaited COVID-19 business interruption case brought by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and the Hiscox Action...

More Articles Like This

- Advertisement -