Pro-CAA Or Anti-CAA: Analysis Of The Events Leading To the Delhi Riots of 2020

Must Read

Bhupinder Singh Mann Quits From the Farm Committee Constituted by the Supreme Court

Bhupinder Singh Mann, one of the members nominated to the Farms Law Committee formed by the Supreme Court for negotiating with the farmers, has quit from the panel saying that he cannot compromise the interest of the Punjab and Farmers of the country and for this, he is ready to sacrifice any position.

Maharashtra To Write To Other States To Club Their Reservation Cases With the Maratha Quota Petition

After seeking intervention by the Centre in the ongoing hearing in the present case regarding the Maratha Reservation in the Supreme Court, the Maharashtra Government is pondering upon the idea of approaching other states to club all the petitions regarding reservations for a collective decision.

MoHFW Says Mask Is Not Necessary While Travelling Alone in a Private Vehicle

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) of the Government of India informed the Delhi High Court that it has not issued any guidelines with regards to the compulsion of wearing masks even while travelling alone in a vehicle.

What are the Recent Developments in Iran-Venezuela Relations?

Two of the world's biggest oil exporters are reestablishing bonhomie. Iran and Venezuela are again the topics of discussion in global geopolitics. Iran has recently supplied arms and military soldiers to Venezuela early this year; it had also supplied gasoline to Venezuela.

Targeting the Supreme Court Judges

A letter was written by Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister to the Chief Justice of India on October 6 targeting one...

Increase of Poll Expenditure Ceiling by the Indian Government

The law ministry has increased the ceiling on poll expenditure by 10% for Lok Sabha and Assembly elections following a recommendation...

Follow us

In North East Delhi, there were many surges of bloodshed, damage to property, and riots from 23rd February 2020. These resulted in tussles between anti-CAA (Citizenship Amendment Act)  protesters and pro-CAA protesters. It became communal, generating the deaths of 53 individuals within ten days. This article discusses the events and the responses from the Government officials and the Judiciary concerning the riots. The article provides a possible course of action for the same.

Events leading up to the Delhi riots of 2020

The CAA, enacted in 2019, created some special provisions for the citizenship of Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Parsis, and Christians, from Afghanistan, Bangladesh or Pakistan. This faced criticism for being against the secular nature of the nation. Staging of demonstrations across the country to protest against the Act began from December 2019. It was more concentrated in the NCR region. Sit-in protests, i.e. people occupying an area and refusing to leave until fulfilling their demands, became very common.

A sit-in protest against the CAA took place near the Jaffrabad metro station in North-East Delhi. This rendered part of the Seelampur-Jaffrabad-Maujpur road as well as the metro station itself.

On 23rd February 2020, BJP leader Kapil Mishra posted a tweet inviting people to join him in Maujpur Chowk at 3 pm. As per the tweet, it was in retaliation of Jaffrabad. He also issued a three-day ultimatum to the police to clear the streets of Jaffrabad and Chand Bagh.

What happened through the course of the riots?

After the issuance of Mr Mishra’s statements, violence commenced between pro-CAA protesters and anti-CAA protesters in Karawal Nagar and Maujpur Chowk.

Clashes continued the next day with signs of property damage showing. It spread to several areas of North-East Delhi, including Gokalpuri and Kardampuri.  Both temples and mosques were burnt down. One man opened fire on the police, and later the police arrested him. People attacked petrol pumps in Bhajanpura, carrying petrol bombs, and sticks. Shops and houses of the Hindu community were burnt by a Muslim mob where bodies were later discovered. Subsequently, a crowd chanting ‘Jai Shri Ram’ burned down a Muslim-owned tyre market.

An Ashok Nagar mosque was vandalized on 25th February. Ankit Sharma, an Intelligence Bureau officer, was found dead in a Jaffrabad drain. Mobs started attacking journalists amongst the commotion.

The last of the riots continued till 29th February 2020. There were 53 recorded deaths as a result of these riots.

Response from the Police and the Government

Two people filed complaints against BJP leader Kapil Mishra on 23rd February itself for inciting violence using inflammatory speech.

At the first signs of conflict, the police lathi-charged the fighting crowds and used tear gas on them as well. Delhi Police Head Constable Ratan Lal lost his life while trying to control the masses. They imposed Section 144 in the 10 locations in North-East Delhi, which were riot-hit areas, but it was not of much use.

On 25th February, they deployed massive police force in the more sensitive areas like Jaffrabad, Maujpur-Babarpur, Gokulpuri, Johri Enclave and Shiv Vihar.

National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and AAP leaders visited violence-affected areas on 26th February. Three days after the violence broke out, PM Modi tweeted and asked people to maintain peace and brotherhood.

The rioters allegedly used the house of Tahir Hussain, an AAP councillor and later arrested him for murder. However, the investigation is still pending

Delhi CM Arvind Kejriwal declared free treatment for injured persons on 27th February. The government made arrangements to supply food in curfew-imposed areas. They set up shelters with the help of NGOs. They also announced a compensation amount of 10 lakh rupees to affected people, 1 lakh rupees in exemplary damages, and 5 lakh rupees in the case of deaths of minors.  For people whose houses were burnt entirely, they announced immediate aid of 25,000 rupees.

They created 2 Special Investigation Teams (SIT) to investigate the matter.  Up until 6th March 2020, the Delhi police lodged 654 cases and detained 1,820 cases.

The response of the Judiciary

The Delhi High Court constituted four new Courts for hearing the cases on 15th June. According to the orders issued by the Registrar General of the Delhi High Court, 9 Judicial Officers were transferred to Sessions and Magisterial Courts.

Future possible course of action

Accountability is essential in a situation like this. So is the awareness that we cannot tolerate something like this.

Statements condemning this incident need to be issued. India is a country that completely shut down a peaceful movement (Non-cooperation Movement) for its independence because of one bloody incident (Chauri-Chaura incident). It goes to show that there are many ways to achieve any means, and not all are ethical.

Yes, India has a long and bloody history of riots and religious violence. It does not mean it can or should continue. As far as accountability goes, the Supreme Court is already making strides towards this by setting up Trial Courts. However, they must ensure to take strict action towards anybody who has contributed to this starting from instigation to actual participation.


Libertatem.in is now on Telegram. Follow us for regular legal updates and judgements from the court. Follow us on Google News, InstagramLinkedInFacebook & Twitter. You can also subscribe for our Weekly Email Updates. You can also contribute stories like this and help us spread awareness for a better society. Submit Your Post Now.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Latest News

WhatsApp Emails Delhi HC Judge Asking Her Not To Hear the Plea Challenging New Privacy Policy

The Delhi High Court raised strong objection to an E-mail sent by WhatsApp asking a judge not to hear the plea which challenges its new privacy policy. Justice Pratibha Singh said that the e-mail that was withdrawn later was totally unwarranted as she was anyway going to recuse from hearing the plea which was filed by Rohilla Chaitanya who contends that the new privacy policy of WhatsApp provides 360-degree access to a customer’s virtual activity and is against the fundamental right of privacy.

TRP Scam Case: Bombay HC Extends Protection To Arnab Goswami and Other Employees Till the Next Hearing

On Friday, the Bombay High court extended the protection that was given, to Republic TV’s Editor in Chief Arnab Goswami and other employees of ARG Outlier Media Private Limited till January 29th in the alleged case of Television Rating Point manipulation. A status report was submitted by the police to the division bench of Justices S.S.Shinde and Manish Pitale by the Police on the ongoing case.

Plea Seeks FIR Against Maharashtra Minister Dhananjay Munde in Bombay HC for False Info

A plea has been filed in Bombay High Court seeking an FIR against Maharashtra minister Dhananjay Munde who is undergoing times of trouble due to his extra-marital affair. Recently, an FIR had been lodged against Munde by a woman, accusing him of raping her sister. Munde clarified that he was actually in a relationship with that woman and had two children. He accused the two women of blackmailing him.

Writ Petition for Compensation Accepted by Calcutta High Court 

Introduction The Petitioner Purna Ch. Biswas filed a Writ Petition with the complaint that their claims for a higher quantum of compensation have not yet...

No Members Could Be Disqualified Without Authorisation by Political Party: Gujarat High Court

Excerpt The dispute application no.7 of 2020 filed by respondent no.2 before designated authority. Thereafter the designated authority order dated 28.10.2020 disqualified the petitioner and...

Delhi High Court Directs Delhi Jal Board To Make Supply of Potable Drinking Water

The High Court of Delhi in the matter of Delhi Sainik Cooperation Housing Ltd. v. Union of India & Ors held that right to...

Punjab & Haryana High Court Orders Security To BJP Leader Alleged for Not Supporting Farmers Protest

The Order had come in the form of a Writ Petition filed by Tikshan Sood under Article 226 of the Constitution. The petition before...

Lahore High Court Outlaws Two-Finger Virginity Test

The Lahore High Court in Pakistan has outlawed the use and conduct of virginity tests, namely, the use of the “two-finger” virginity test and...

London Court Rejects Assange’s Extradition – What Happens Now? 

Earlier last week, District Judge Vanessa Baraitser, sitting in the Westminster Magistrates’ Court denied the Government of the U.S.A.'s request to the U.K. to...

Calcutta High Court Decides in Favor of Contractor as He Accidentally Pays an Excessively High Amount

Introduction The present writ petition has been filed for a writ in the nature of mandamus commanding the Respondents to revoke the Petitioner’s offer as...

More Articles Like This

- Advertisement -