International Courts

Nigeria’s Kaduna Passes Law Allowing Castration of Child Rapists

Governor Malam Nasir Ahmad of the state of Kaduna passed a law allowing the castration of convicted child rapists. In addition to this, the law also provides for the death penalty for child sexual abusers where the child is...

European Court Holds Hungarian Education Law Violative of the EU Rules

In the case of the Commission v. Hungary (Higher Education), the court held that Hungarian Education laws are violative of several European Union provisions and rules. The policy was held to be arbitrary and discriminatory.  Background  In 2017 Viktor Orban, Prime...

The Court of Justice of the European Union Invalidates Privacy Shield Framework in the Schrems II Case

The Court of Justice of the European Union (EJEU) declared its landmark judgment in the Schrems II case. In its judgment the Court concluded that the Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) issued by the European Commission for the transfer of...

WTO Panel Rules Against Unilateral U.S. Tariffs on Chinese Imports, Deems Them Inconsistent With WTO Obligations Under GATT

Earlier in September, a World Trade Organization (WTO) panel ruled that the unilateral tariffs imposed by the United States against Chinese goods were inconsistent with the United States’ WTO obligation under the General Agreement for Tariffs and Trade (GATT).  Background The...

English Supreme Court Settles Rules on Laws Governing Arbitration Agreements

The United Kingdom Supreme Court in Enka v Chubb ruled on the English law approach to determining the law governing an arbitration agreement. The decision of the Supreme Court settled a vexed question of law that had given rise...

German Federal Court of Justice Sets Strict Standards for Willingness of License and Requirements for “Willing” Licensees

In May 2020, the German Federal Supreme Court (BGH) issued the first ruling on FRAND rules for standard-essential patents (SEPs) since the landmark Huawei v. ZTE ruling of European Court of Justice (ECJ) of 2015, which is known for the “ping-pong”...

District Court of Southern District of New York Rules in Favour of SEC Finding Against Telegram Group Inc.

The United States District Court for the Southern District of New York rules in favour of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) holding that Telegram Group Inc violated Securities law for their launch of cryptocurrencies.  Background Telegram Inc is a popular...

Pakistan Wins Interim Stay Order on $6 Billion Investment Penalty 

The World Bank’s International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) has granted a stay order on the enforcement of the $6 billion imposed on Pakistan for its decision to deny a mining lease for the Reko Diq project...

7th Trial Against Curtis Flowers Will Not Take Place: Mississippi AG

Mississippi Attorney General Lynn Fitch drops all charges against Curtis Flowers, a black man who was tried six times for a 1990s quadruple murder.   Background Curtis Giovanni Flowers is an American man who was tried for murder six times in the...

European Commission Takes Legal Action Against United Kingdom

The European Commission sent its formal letter of notice to the United Kingdom for breaching its obligations under the Withdrawal Agreement. Following this, the infringement process against the United Kingdom officially began. Background Due to Brexit, a withdrawal agreement was ratified...
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An Analysis of the Supreme Court of India’s Decision in Saurav Yadav v. State of Uttar Pradesh on Reservation

Reservation is one of the debatable realities of Indian constitution. This system got its roots from the exploitations due...
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Explained: The Political Crisis in Nepal

On December 20th, K P Sharma Oli, the Prime Minister of Nepal dissolved the Lower House Parliament of the country in an unprecedented move....

“Dismissal Without Inquiry Is Justified if Employee Did Not Prove Minimum Working Period”: Supreme Court

This case concerns the dispute relating to the termination of an employee without any disciplinary inquiry. Brief facts of the case The Respondent, Smt. Sureshwati was...

Can the Relatives of the Husband Attract Prosecution in Case of Triple Talaq?

The Supreme Court of India has recently made a judgement. It lays down that the relatives of the husband cannot be kept as accused...

“Rape Victim To Be Provided Shelter Due To Media Attention Prohibited Under Section 228A of the IPC”: Supreme Court

This case concerns the petition by a rape victim for rehabilitation as she was social ostracization.  Brief facts of the case In this case, a writ...