Procedure to File a Complaint for Animal Protection in India Explained

Must Read

India’s International ‘Retrospective Taxation’ Regime Vis-a-Vis PCA Rulings in Vodafone and Cairn in 2020

The imposition of retrospective taxation of foreign companies doing business in India has been at the helm of controversy...

What is the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016?

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (“RERA”) is an Act of the Parliament. It seeks to protect...

Should the Exorbitant Amounts Charged for RT-PCR Tests be Refunded?

Introduction A plea has been filed in the Honourable Supreme Court of India seeking a refund of exorbitant amounts charged...

Should CCTV’s be Installed in the Police Station?

Introduction In a recent judgment, the bench led by Justice Nariman issued directions to both the state and Union Territory...

A Legal Analysis of the West Bengal Political Crisis on IPS Deputation

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has recently summoned three IPS officers of West Bengal (WB). The decision was...

Explained: Postal Ballot for NRIs

At the end of November 2020, Election Commission sent a proposal to the law ministry to amend the Representation...
Deepshikha Mishra
Deepshikha Mishra is Co-Founder & Legal Head at - Legal strategic partner at SAS Exim -Legal Counsel at Galleon - Legal Advisor at Taxolawgy - Astrologer at Guruji app – Law Content Developer & Educator at UPSC coachings and Unacademy. BBA.LLB- Business & Taxation Laws, CM. Cyber Crime Laws. Pers. MD. Medical Laws from National Law School of India University, Bangalore. (Past intern & works - Supreme Court, High Courts, Human Rights Commission, Law firms, Path Legal, Libertatem Global Law News Network)

Follow us


All the rights we have as humans make us strong and help us live a more comfortable and convenient life. But we are not alone on this planet. We coexist with other animals, nature, and our atmosphere. As we have laws for the safety of humans we have laws for the protection of animals too. 

Furthermore, there are effective animal welfare organizations in India. They support animal laws and stand up for their justice. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 is a Central Legislation about animal protection laws in India. The main object of the Act is to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals.

Animal Protection Under the Indian Constitution

The welfare and protection of animals are a fundamental duty of the citizens of India. There are certain animal protection rights which are as follows:

  • Under the Constitution of India, Article 51A(g) protects animal rights. It states that it is a fundamental duty of every citizen of India to respect, protect wildlife, and treat all the living species with compassion.
  • As per Article 48 of the Constitution of India, the State must organize agriculture and animal husbandry on scientific lines. The State can take steps for preservation and improving breeds. It can prohibit the slaughter of calves and cows and other draught cattle.
  • Article 48A provides that the State also must protect, safeguard, and improve the forests and wildlife of the country.

Under the State List, Seventh Schedule provides that the State has the power and authority to:

  • Preserve, protect, and improve stock and prevent animal diseases, and to enforce veterinary training and practice.

The Concurrent List provides that both the Centre and the State have the power and authority to:

  • Prevent cruelty towards animals.
  • Protect wild animals and birds.

Under the Eleventh Schedule (Article 243 G), the Panchayati Raj institutions possess duty and authority to deal with matters relating to:

  • Animal husbandry, dairying, and poultry
  • Fisheries

Various Laws for Protection of Animals

We need to acquaint ourselves with the existing animal protection laws to take action. The loopholes can be filled-in and the laws can be made to be strictly applied. A list of animal protection laws in India are given as follows:

  • The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 is the Central Legislation about animal protection in India. The object of the Act is to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals.
  • The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is another Central Act. It provides for the protection of wild birds, animals, plants, and other species.

Other laws are found in the following Rules which are as follows:

  • The Dog Breeding and the Marketing Rules (2017)
  • The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulation of the Livestock Markets) Rules (2017) 
  • The Prevention of Cruelty to the Animals (Regulation of Livestock Markets) Rules (2017) 
  • The Prevention of Cruelty to the Animals (Care and Maintenance of Case Property Animals) Rules (2017)
  • The Animal Birth Control (Dog) Rules (2001)

Procedure To File a Complaint

In India, various Acts lay down the procedure for filing complaints about animal protection. The following steps will guide you over filing such complaint:

STEP 1: Sending a Legal Notice

You can send a legal notice to the person who has abused the animal. You can do this yourself or with the help of a lawyer. You can report the matter to the animal welfare organizations in India. They would help you to send legal notice. When the animal abuser does not respond to the legal notice, you can file an official complaint.

STEP 2: Registering the Wildlife Case

Different states give different names to an offense report. Preliminary Offence Report, Offence Report, First Information Report, Seizure Intimation are some examples. These are called wildlife offense reports and are used to make the reports more uniform. Under Section 50(4) of the (Wildlife Protection) Act, 1972 the reports are prepared. Animal welfare organizations and any individual can file a report against any abuse of animals in India.

STEP 3: Filing a Complaint in Support of the Rights of Animals

In case one wants to file a ‘complaint’ then one needs to approach a magistrate.  An allegation is made orally or in writing. A forest officer can be approached, who can further file a complaint to the magistrate. Under Section 55 of the WLPA, the following persons can file a complaint to the magistrate:

  1. The Director of Wildlife Preservation or any other officer authorized on his behalf, by the Central Government, Members of Central Zoo Authority or Member – Secretary of Tiger Conservation Authority, Director of the concerned Tiger Reserve.
  2. The Chief Wildlife Warden
  3. Any person who has given another person or group notice of at least sixty days, of his intention to make a complaint.

STEP 4: Arrest by an Individual

Under the Wildlife Protection Act, the offenses are non-bailable and cognizable. Under Section 43 of the CrPC, an individual can arrest an offender who has committed a non-bailable and cognizable offense. Also, when someone who is a habitual offender and hands him/her over to the police.

Getting Authorities To Take Action

At times citizens are passionate about reporting an incident or about animal welfare in general. They might want to take action, but the concerned authorities may not cooperate with them. It is demotivating and leads people to think that reporting issues related to wildlife or animal welfare as useless. To ensure that authorities take action, you must make sure to do the following:

  • You can befriend lawyers and journalists. Sometimes both of them are in exchange for money and sometimes pro bono. It will help you get your case through.
  • Meet people in NGOs for animal welfare organizations in India. You can help the aggrieved animal or reprimand an abuser with the help of established animal welfare organizations in India. Animal welfare organizations in India have fought and won many cases in courts. They are a powerful force altogether.
  • Try to call or write to higher authorities in case the authorities are not taking action immediately. You can write to politicians, media and so on.
  • You can gather people and organize a peaceful protest or demonstration to put forward your claim.
  • You can file a grievance on the website of the Animal Welfare Board of India.


In India, a lot of very elaborate and specific animal protection laws have been passed. However, they are not implemented often. The animal protection laws can work if we all stand together and act as cohabitants. We can make animal rights in India safer and animal-friendly.

References is now on Telegram. Follow us for regular legal updates and judgment from courts. Follow us on Google News, InstagramLinkedInFacebook & Twitter. You can subscribe to our Weekly Email Updates. You can also contribute stories like this and help us spread awareness for a better society. Submit Your Post Now.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Latest News

SC: Under-21 Convicts Can Be Given Less Than Minimum Sentence, Resorts To Probation of Offenders Act

The Supreme Court resorted to the Probation of Offenders Act to sidestep the mandate under Section 397 of the Indian Penal Code that mentions a sentence of not less than 7 years to those convicted of armed robbery, to give a chance to two young convicts to reform their lives.

Environment Protection Act Passed at the Instance of Foreign Powers: NHAI in Karnataka HC

The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) claimed in a submission that the Environment Protection Act 1986 was passed not only for the protection of the environment by the parliament but also at the instance of foreign powers. This statement was made while referring to a UN conference and got the NHAI into great trouble in the Karnataka High Court.

Delhi High Court To Implement a Hybrid System Through Virtual and Physical Hearing

On Friday the Delhi High Court said that they have initiated steps to implement a mode wherein hearing can be done by virtual as well as physical mode. The Delhi High Court is aiming to implement the Hybrid mode. It stated that when the particular bench is conducting a virtual hearing the lawyer may opt for this mode after giving prior intimation about the same.

Mercy Plea of Rajiv Gandhi Assassination Case To Be Decided in Four Weeks, TN Governor To Supreme Court

Tamil Nadu Governor Banwarilal Purohit on Thursday told the Supreme Court that a decision on the mercy petition of one of the convicts serving a life sentence for the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, AG Perarivalan will be taken within four weeks. The petition has been pending with the Governor since December 30, 2015.

Bombay High Court Questions FIR Over Journalist Alleged of Communist Comment on WhatsApp

An FIR lodged against the editor of Marathi newspaper, Rajkumar Chhajed has been questioned by the Bombay High Court. The Maharashtra Police has accused Chhajed of creating a rift between the two communities based on a WhatsApp message.

Allahabad High Court Expresses Dissatisfaction on Counsels Seeking Unnecessary Adjournments

The petition had been filed by Smt. Radha prayed to issue directions to Judicial Magistrate-I in Faizabad. The petition sought a speedy decision in...

[Delhi Riots] When the IT Ministry Calls Us, We Will Go Says Harish Salve To Delhi High Court

The Vice President and Managing Director of Facebook, Ajit Mohan told the Supreme Court that when the representatives of the company are called by the Information Technology Ministry they will come and record their statements.

Allahabad High Court Seeks Response on Compensation of Cutting Trees From National Highways Authority of India (Nhai) 

The Order had come in the form of a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by a bunch of law students in Uttar Pradesh. The...

Doctrine of Proportionality Must Adhere to Reasonableness Principal Test: Madras High Court

Young Men's Christian Association built a commercial complex and leased it without having due permission. The District Collector & Tahsildar issued a show-cause notice...

Delhi High Court Refuses To Stay Release of ‘The White Tiger’ on the OTT Platform Netflix

A plea requesting a stay on the release of the film ‘The White Tiger’ by the American producer, John Hart Jr. alleging copyright violation was rejected by the Delhi High Court on Thursday.

More Articles Like This

- Advertisement -