Combatting Cybercrime During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Must Read

India’s International ‘Retrospective Taxation’ Regime Vis-a-Vis PCA Rulings in Vodafone and Cairn in 2020

The imposition of retrospective taxation of foreign companies doing business in India has been at the helm of controversy...

What is the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016?

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 (“RERA”) is an Act of the Parliament. It seeks to protect...

Should the Exorbitant Amounts Charged for RT-PCR Tests be Refunded?

Introduction A plea has been filed in the Honourable Supreme Court of India seeking a refund of exorbitant amounts charged...

Should CCTV’s be Installed in the Police Station?

Introduction In a recent judgment, the bench led by Justice Nariman issued directions to both the state and Union Territory...

A Legal Analysis of the West Bengal Political Crisis on IPS Deputation

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has recently summoned three IPS officers of West Bengal (WB). The decision was...

Explained: Postal Ballot for NRIs

At the end of November 2020, Election Commission sent a proposal to the law ministry to amend the Representation...

Follow us

Everybody knows how difficult it has become to survive without using social media. Everyone wants to keep themselves updated with the current trend. This extreme use produces, at times, fake news, fake apps, phishing, and other cybercrimes. India has a vast population as well as a large chunk of illiterate people. They are getting exploited during this pandemic throughout the country.

After the lockdown commenced, due to uncertainty over time, almost five crore labourers wanted to go back to their hometown. There was some fake news about trains that spread through social media. This led to mass public gathering resulting in the spread of coronavirus.

Further, cybercrimes like phishing increased. To keep themselves updated with COVID-19, people took to social media. It became easy for hackers to exploit them. They started collecting personal information to blackmail them with leaking some private information. All these aspects are punishable under Information Technology, Act 2000.

Cybercrime during Covid-19  in India

India has become one of the prime locations for these cybercrimes. One of the crimes known as phishing is increasing rapidly in recent times. Phishing is defined under the IT Act as inducing individuals to give information such as passwords and bank details.

The crime is increasing at such a rapid pace. Google, in January, detected 149k websites related to phishing all over the world. The number of victims rose by 350% during the lockdown period according to the last two months report of NCRB.

Crimes like business opportunity fraud, gift offers, social media scams are also common. Big mobile network companies, insurance companies, banks buy data through outsourcing. These crimes are of such a nature that a person who doesn’t even know how to use ATM cards get trapped in some online frauds and transaction happens in many parts of the world. Sometimes just by clicking on a link person loses all his money from the account. This outsourcing of data makes it easy for criminals to conduct fraud. During Covid-19, all these crimes have increased at a rapid pace.

As per national crime report bureau, cases in March and April rose by 350 per cent. It is imperative to notice that out of all the victims, the majority of them are either single women or elderly people. These were in existence before COVID-19 pandemic also. But an increase in internet traffic has provided more opportunities for cyber-criminals.

Due to the pandemic, people are using more social media sites, websites and apps. People working from home through their laptop increases chances of malfunctioning. This is because they do not have as much security as compared to companies. Through this, it leads towards blackmailing and infringement of their privacy.

Cybercrime In Different Countries 

As per the internet crime report every year approx. 1200 complaints get filed daily. Throughout the year, people lose around 3.5 billion dollars. An interesting point is a fact that most victims age is between 40-60. Out of that, India is the world’s third most effected country with 2900 cases in 2019. Out of all cybercrimes, phishing was the most throughout the world with 120000 victims.

As per the UN disarmament, cybercrime has increased by 600 per cent during COVID-19 throughout the world. The situation is such that crimes are happening every 90 seconds. This includes countries like the USA, Canada, and France. The whole world is vulnerable in front of these cyber-criminals during this lockdown.

Punishment for the Wrong-doers in India

To overcome this menace, the conviction rate in India has to get better. To safeguard people’s rights, criminals have to be punished under the IT Act, 2000.

As per section 66 of the IT Act, all crimes related to identity theft, cheating by a personating, violation of privacy, cyber terrorism, transmitting obscene electronic material are punishable. The least punishment for this can be up to 3 years or fine up to 5 lakhs.

But what’s important is the fact that the conviction rate of cyber-criminals is meagre in India. As per a report, cybercrime cases reported with police, approx. 60 per cent of cases do not get solved.

In Karnataka, the conviction rate for the last three years is zero in cases related to cybercrime. Some of the reasons behind this are a lack of evidence. This is why the police close the case on the ground of lack of proof.

Conclusion 

Cybercrime is increasing in a country like India, and it is hard to resolve it. Cybercrime is a global problem. Cyber Security Policy, 2013 recommended certain guidelines related to the legal aspect. Later, India adopted some guidelines such as the introduction of digital signature, cyber appellate tribunal to adjudicate cyber-related cases and national security awareness framework to create awareness.

After this, cases have been increasing every year due to increased internet usage. That is why it is essential to bring more awareness as well as some other technical measures. Other than that, it is important to convict people. Due to a less conviction rate, there isn’t that fear, so it is necessary to give more importance to such cyber crimes.


Libertatem.in is now on Telegram. Follow us for regular legal updates and judgements from the court. Follow us on Google NewsInstagramLinkedInFacebook & Twitter. You can also subscribe for our Weekly Email Updates. You can also contribute stories like this and help us spread awareness for a better society. Submit Your Post Now.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Latest News

SC: Under-21 Convicts Can Be Given Less Than Minimum Sentence, Resorts To Probation of Offenders Act

The Supreme Court resorted to the Probation of Offenders Act to sidestep the mandate under Section 397 of the Indian Penal Code that mentions a sentence of not less than 7 years to those convicted of armed robbery, to give a chance to two young convicts to reform their lives.

Environment Protection Act Passed at the Instance of Foreign Powers: NHAI in Karnataka HC

The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) claimed in a submission that the Environment Protection Act 1986 was passed not only for the protection of the environment by the parliament but also at the instance of foreign powers. This statement was made while referring to a UN conference and got the NHAI into great trouble in the Karnataka High Court.

Delhi High Court To Implement a Hybrid System Through Virtual and Physical Hearing

On Friday the Delhi High Court said that they have initiated steps to implement a mode wherein hearing can be done by virtual as well as physical mode. The Delhi High Court is aiming to implement the Hybrid mode. It stated that when the particular bench is conducting a virtual hearing the lawyer may opt for this mode after giving prior intimation about the same.

Mercy Plea of Rajiv Gandhi Assassination Case To Be Decided in Four Weeks, TN Governor To Supreme Court

Tamil Nadu Governor Banwarilal Purohit on Thursday told the Supreme Court that a decision on the mercy petition of one of the convicts serving a life sentence for the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, AG Perarivalan will be taken within four weeks. The petition has been pending with the Governor since December 30, 2015.

Bombay High Court Questions FIR Over Journalist Alleged of Communist Comment on WhatsApp

An FIR lodged against the editor of Marathi newspaper, Rajkumar Chhajed has been questioned by the Bombay High Court. The Maharashtra Police has accused Chhajed of creating a rift between the two communities based on a WhatsApp message.

Allahabad High Court Expresses Dissatisfaction on Counsels Seeking Unnecessary Adjournments

The petition had been filed by Smt. Radha prayed to issue directions to Judicial Magistrate-I in Faizabad. The petition sought a speedy decision in...

[Delhi Riots] When the IT Ministry Calls Us, We Will Go Says Harish Salve To Delhi High Court

The Vice President and Managing Director of Facebook, Ajit Mohan told the Supreme Court that when the representatives of the company are called by the Information Technology Ministry they will come and record their statements.

Allahabad High Court Seeks Response on Compensation of Cutting Trees From National Highways Authority of India (Nhai) 

The Order had come in the form of a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by a bunch of law students in Uttar Pradesh. The...

Doctrine of Proportionality Must Adhere to Reasonableness Principal Test: Madras High Court

Young Men's Christian Association built a commercial complex and leased it without having due permission. The District Collector & Tahsildar issued a show-cause notice...

Delhi High Court Refuses To Stay Release of ‘The White Tiger’ on the OTT Platform Netflix

A plea requesting a stay on the release of the film ‘The White Tiger’ by the American producer, John Hart Jr. alleging copyright violation was rejected by the Delhi High Court on Thursday.

More Articles Like This

- Advertisement -