Only book-based language in the exam may provide you with good grades, but it will not necessarily provide you with jobs and good academic knowledge. Indian society relies on the thought that the necessity of getting good marks on the mark sheet, from class 1 to class 12 makes everyone run for good grades, not for knowledge.
To date, Indian education has been affiliated with the ‘Russian Roulette’ examination system. It is purely based on chance and rote memorization. A student’s entire future and career prospects hinges upon one examination, irrespective of context, applied skills, employability or a deep understanding of the concepts. Even then, an unstable job market awaits a good performer as well.
Change is necessary for the development of society and to fill the loopholes in the education system. It is becoming increasingly critical that children should not only learn but understand how to learn. This year, a better education system replaces the former. The Union Cabinet on 29th July launched the new National Education Policy (NEP 2020). The NEP 2020 is the first education policy of the 21st century, aiming for the development of the country and provide students in building high-quality skills for their career, early childhood cares the foundation of a student. The new policy purposes revising the decades-old educational policy of India and redecorate every aspect of the prevailing education structure.
The first education policy came in the year 1968 which was based on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission, during the rule of the Indira Gandhi government in India. This policy directs granting free and compulsory education for children up to age 14. This policy worked on for nineteen years. The Second Education Policy 1986, was introduced in the year 1986 by the Rajiv Gandhi government. The 1986 policy was modified later in the year 1992 by the P.V. Narasimha Rao Government. This policy aimed for removing inequality and provide equal education opportunities to everyone. Especially to the Indian women and backward classes. With a vision & motive to transform the education system, the NDA government came up with National Education Policy 2020.
Visions behind this policy
- Vision in developing the infrastructure of education, building high skills, digital learning, childhood education care, awareness of entrepreneurship over jobs.
- An education system providing to contributes an equitable and vibrant society.
- To build a sense towards human rights, fundamental rights, role & responsibility towards the constitution, global citizen.
Key changes brought in the NEP
The new young generation is advancing day by day and creating new ways to build the infrastructure of the Indian economy. The new education system is a way to advance society and the economy. This brings new opportunities in jobs and levels up skills development amongst the people for the industry creating awareness towards entrepreneurship over a job.
The National Education Policy (NEP 2020) is the first such policy in thirty-four years since the last changes in the education system were made in 1986. This policy expects that the extent 10+2 structure in school education will be modified with a new teaching method and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering ages 3-18. A strong base of Early Childhood Care and Education starting from class 1 at the age of 3. The age groups 3-8 years (foundational stage), 8-11 (preparatory), 11-14 (middle), and 14-18 (secondary). The mid-day meal program to be extended to pre-school children.
Developing a deep sense of respect towards the fundamental rights, duties, and Constitutional values, bonding with one’s country, and conscious awareness of one’s role and responsibilities in a changing world
There will be a single regulatory body. The HRD ministry will now be called the Education ministry. 6% of the GDP to be allocated to the education sector.
Foreign university campuses will be allowed to set up in India. The top 100 foreign colleges will be allowed to open their branches in India. Indian SAT also will be conducted. The Ministry of Human Resources is now the Ministry of Education.
It talks of advancing high-quality teachers training, equipping teachers with the latest technology and education methodology. Addition of new subjects, skills training in the education curriculum. Mandatorily professional studies to be made a part of the curriculum. Professional training includes communication skills, personality development, self-management, train to work with your hands, etc. Some of the examples of such skills are, learning pottery, carpentry, changing bulbs, farming, cooking, painting, tailoring, and many more.
Students can select their choice of stream whether it is art, commerce, science, all of them are at an equal pace. There is no restriction in selecting streams. Internships introduce to students for on-ground practical knowledge.
The NEP 2020 by the Modi government, is visioned for the long-term. This will revolutionize the education scenario, and up to 2035, it changes every aspect of the economy. The Policy commits to significantly raising educational investment, as there is no better investment towards a society’s future than the high-quality education of our young people. The current public (Government – Centre, and States) expenditure on education in India has been around 4.43% of GDP. To attain the goal of education with excellence, the Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in the Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest.
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